1
Future Studies Tanha Rahman 1 , Summer Pellechio 1,2 , Hayay Srour 1,2 , Ruslan Fomenko 1,2 , Juan Pedro Maestre 3 , Kerry Kinney 3 , Benjamín Bolaños-Rosero 4 , Filipa Godoy-Vitorino 4 , Humberto Cavallin 5 , Félix E. Rivera-Marinai, 1,2 1 College of Biomedical Sciences, 2 Respiratory and Immunology Project and Laboratory, Larkin University 3 Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering, University of Texas - Austin 4 Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico - Medical Sciences Campus 5 School of Architecture, University of Puerto Rico - Rio Piedras Campus In September 2017, extensive water damage to homes during Hurricane Maria left Puerto Ricans vulnerable to amplified indoor microbial contamination (Fig 1). Prolonged exposure to such indoor contamination, including to microbial-derived components, can lead to chronic immune activation and development of chronic respiratory complications. Endotoxin was not found to be a major contributor to the pro-inflammatory potential of the twenty-three dust samples from water- damaged homes. However, the pro-inflammatory components of the dust samples were determined to be immunoreactive enough to induce immune activation in the presence of an immune inhibitor. Assessment of the Contribution of Endotoxin in the Pro-inflammatory Potential of Indoor Settled- Dust from Homes Water-Damaged During Hurricane Maria in San Juan, Puerto Rico Methods To elucidate the contribution of endotoxin (cell wall component of Gram-negative bacteria) on the pro-inflammatory potential of indoor composite settled dust from water-damaged homes during Hurricane Maria. Introduction Objective Results Conclusion Acknowledgments Future studies will, examine associations between pro- inflammatory potential, including of other biomarkers, with microbiome profiles of the dust. evaluate the contribution of fungal-derived components on the pro-inflammatory potential of the dust. evaluate the immunotoxicity of non-biological components of the dust samples. Respiratory and Immunology Project at Larkin Research Team https://www.riplrt.com This study was supported by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (R21ES029762-01). We are grateful of the Tras Talleres/Figueroa Community for their support of the research, and the volunteers from the Larkin University who participated in the blood draws. The Field Team for their remarkable job administering the surveys and carrying out the indoor sampling of the homes. Abstract/Poster: 406 Figure 1. Map of total rainfall in Puerto Rico during the Hurricane Maria. NOAA Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Maria (Accessed Feb, 2019). Conflict of Interest The authors have no conflict of interest to disclose. Figure 2. Site of study (Figueroa Community) in San Juan, PR. Image retrieved with the ggmap R package.c Figure 4. After incubating the dust samples, in presence or absence of polymyxin B (PolB), there was no statistical difference in the induced IL-1beta in peripheral blood leukocytes. Incubation of the dust with the inhibitor (Stim2) induced a higher concentration of IL-1beta than with the inhibitor along. Figure 3. Human whole blood (HWB) incubation of the dust (Dust) samples in presence or absence of endotoxin inhibitor (polymyxin B, PolB) or immune inhibitor (boric acid, Stim2). Baseline represent assessment of IL-1beta in the absence of dust stimulus, polB, or Stim 2.

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Page 1: Assessment of the Contribution of Endotoxin in the Pro ... Rahman.pdf · Future Studies Tanha Rahman1, Summer Pellechio1,2, HayaySrour1,2, Ruslan Fomenko1,2, Juan Pedro Maestre3,

Future Studies

Tanha Rahman1, Summer Pellechio1,2, Hayay Srour1,2, Ruslan Fomenko1,2, Juan Pedro Maestre3, Kerry Kinney3, Benjamín Bolaños-Rosero4, Filipa Godoy-Vitorino4, Humberto Cavallin5, Félix E. Rivera-Marinai,1,2

1College of Biomedical Sciences, 2Respiratory and Immunology Project and Laboratory, Larkin University3Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering, University of Texas - Austin

4Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico - Medical Sciences Campus5School of Architecture, University of Puerto Rico - Rio Piedras Campus

In September 2017, extensive water damage to homes duringHurricane Maria left Puerto Ricans vulnerable to amplifiedindoor microbial contamination (Fig 1). Prolonged exposure tosuch indoor contamination, including to microbial-derivedcomponents, can lead to chronic immune activation anddevelopment of chronic respiratory complications.

• Endotoxin was not found to be a majorcontributor to the pro-inflammatory potential ofthe twenty-three dust samples from water-damaged homes.

• However, the pro-inflammatory components ofthe dust samples were determined to beimmunoreactive enough to induce immuneactivation in the presence of an immune inhibitor.

Assessment of the Contribution of Endotoxin in the Pro-inflammatory Potential of Indoor Settled-Dust from Homes Water-Damaged During Hurricane Maria in San Juan, Puerto Rico

Methods

To elucidate the contribution of endotoxin (cell wall component ofGram-negative bacteria) on the pro-inflammatory potential ofindoor composite settled dust from water-damaged homes duringHurricane Maria.

Introduction

Objective Results

Conclusion

Acknowledgments

Future studies will,• examine associations between pro-

inflammatory potential, including of otherbiomarkers, with microbiome profiles of thedust.

• evaluate the contribution of fungal-derivedcomponents on the pro-inflammatory potentialof the dust.

• evaluate the immunotoxicity of non-biologicalcomponents of the dust samples.

Respiratory andImmunology Project

at Larkin Research Teamhttps://www.riplrt.com

• This study was supported by the NationalInstitute of Environmental Health Sciences(R21ES029762-01).

• We are grateful of the Tras Talleres/FigueroaCommunity for their support of the research, andthe volunteers from the Larkin University whoparticipated in the blood draws.

• The Field Team for their remarkable jobadministering the surveys and carrying out theindoor sampling of the homes.

Abstract/Poster: 406

Figure 1. Map of total rainfall in Puerto Rico during the Hurricane Maria. NOAA Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Maria (Accessed Feb, 2019).

Conflict of Interest• The authors have no conflict of interest to disclose.

Figure 2. Site of study (Figueroa Community) in San Juan, PR. Image retrieved with the ggmap Rpackage.c

Figure 4. After incubating the dust samples, in presence or absence of polymyxin B (PolB), there was no statisticaldifference in the induced IL-1beta in peripheral blood leukocytes. Incubation of the dust with the inhibitor (Stim2)induced a higher concentration of IL-1beta than with the inhibitor along.

Figure 3. Human whole blood (HWB) incubation of the dust (Dust) samples in presence or absence of endotoxininhibitor (polymyxin B, PolB) or immune inhibitor (boric acid, Stim2). Baseline represent assessment of IL-1beta in theabsence of dust stimulus, polB, or Stim 2.