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Franz Kafka, Die Verwandlung (1915). Franz Kafka (1883-1924)

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Franz Kafka, Die Verwandlung (1915) Slide 2 Franz Kafka (1883-1924) Slide 3 Biography Born in Prague (Austro-Hungarian Monarchy) Czech-Jewish origin German-speaking Czech Jew Slide 4 Hermann Kafka, Julie Lwy Slide 5 Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867-1918) Slide 6 Biography Studied Law (doctorate 1906) Worked in insurance Wrote literary texts in spare time Literary circle in Prague (Max Brod, Felix Weltsch) Slide 7 Biography Engaged several times Never married Tuberculosis diagnosed, 1917 Death near Vienna, 1924 Slide 8 Kafka as writer Great name of literary modernism (Marcel Proust, James Joyce, Virginia Woolf) Short stories, novellas, novels Experimental prose style (personales Erzhlen) Slide 9 Kafka as writer Tendency towards the fantastic / supernatural Motif of metamorphosis: fairytale motif Human / animal theme Strangeness, alienation, grotesquerie Slide 10 Kafka as writer Relatively unknown during his lifetime Posthumous fame (Max Brod; American and English reception) kafkaesque Slide 11 Themes Crisis of (masculine) identity in modernity The passing of religion / tradition The search for meaning The body / sexuality Slide 12 Themes Critique of capitalism Critique of bourgeois family Critique of patriarchal power structures Slide 13 Oedpius complex Power struggle between father and son Das Urteil (1912) Die Verwandlung (1915) Brief an den Vater (1919) Slide 14 Hermann Kafka (1852-1931) Slide 15 Sigmund Freud: Oedipus complex Desire for the parent of the opposite sex (son for mother) Universal developmental stage for all male children (ages 3-6) Successful resolution of complex results in identification with same-sex parent Slide 16 Oedipus complex If unresolved neurosis, arrested development Fixation on the father Ongoing power struggle Slide 17 Die Verwandlung Father / son (oedipal) struggle? Father fixation? Mother fixation? Sister fixation? Son as eternal loser in the oedipal conflict? Slide 18 Masochism Gregor as masochist? Masochism as sign of the sons defeat in oedipal conflict? Family esp. sister as sadists?

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