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RECOMMENDED: Superintendent, San Francisco Maritime ...cies. The Port of San Francisco manages prop-erty within the Bay and Fisherman™s Wharf, which includes the Hyde Street Pier

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Page 1: RECOMMENDED: Superintendent, San Francisco Maritime ...cies. The Port of San Francisco manages prop-erty within the Bay and Fisherman™s Wharf, which includes the Hyde Street Pier
Page 2: RECOMMENDED: Superintendent, San Francisco Maritime ...cies. The Port of San Francisco manages prop-erty within the Bay and Fisherman™s Wharf, which includes the Hyde Street Pier

RECOMMENDED:

William G. Thomas October 6, 1997Superintendent, San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park

APPROVED:

John J. Reynolds October 6, 1997Director, Pacific West Region

Page 3: RECOMMENDED: Superintendent, San Francisco Maritime ...cies. The Port of San Francisco manages prop-erty within the Bay and Fisherman™s Wharf, which includes the Hyde Street Pier

General Management Plan

October 1997SAN FRANCISCO MARITIME NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK

San Francisco County, California

United States Department of the Interior � National Park Service

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Deck of sailing schooner C.A. Thayer looking toward square-rigged ship Balclutha, by Karl Kortum. NPS photo.

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CONTENTSINTRODUCTION 1Brief Description and Legislative History of the Park 1Park Purpose 5Park Significance 5Park Vision and Mission Statements 6Park Interpretive Themes 6

Primary Interpretive Themes 7Secondary Interpretive Themes 7

Cooperating Organizations 8Volunteers-In-Parks Program 9Management Objectives 9

Cultural Resource Management 10Visitor Experience 10Park Development/Facility Design 10Local Context 11

Access for Visitors with Disabilities 11

THE PLAN 13Overview 13Cultural Resource Management 13

Historic Ships Management 13Historic Ships Treatment 14Collection Facilities 14

Visitor Use and Development 17Design Theme 17Access and Circulation 18Parkwide Interpretation and Education 18Hyde Street Pier Development Concept Plan 20Haslett Warehouse Development Concept Plan 23Aquatic Park/Victorian Park Development Concept Plan 29

Boundary Adjustments/Property Acquisition 33

Phasing and Construction Cost Estimates 33

MAPS

Park Context 3General Management Plan 15Hyde Street Pier 21Haslett Warehouse 25Aquatic Park 31

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This General Management Plan for SanFrancisco Maritime National Historical Parkguides the management of resources, visitoruse, and general development at the park overthe next 15 to 20 years. It summarizes the finalactions that were approved in the park�s FinalGeneral Management Plan / EnvironmentalImpact Statement completed in September 1997.

The direction for future park management isbased on the laws establishing the park, thepurpose of the park, and the park�s significantresources. The park�s purpose, as mandated byCongress, is to �preserve and interpret the his-tory of achievements of seafaring Americansand the Nation�s maritime heritage, especiallyon the Pacific Coast.�

The park encompasses about 35 acres on SanFrancisco�s northern waterfront of what wasonce an industrial and foodpacking section ofthe city. Significant resources include the fleetof historic vessels; a collection of approximately90 small watercraft; a museum artifact collec-tion of approximately 30,000 items, historicdocuments, photography, and manuscripts; amaritime library estimated at over 21,000 titles;and historic structures including the AquaticPark Bathhouse and historic district, the TubbsCordage Company office building, and theHaslett Warehouse.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION ANDLEGISLATIVE HISTORY OF THE PARK

The San Francisco Maritime NationalHistorical Park consists of three areas regularlyopen for the public � the Aquatic ParkBathhouse (museum exhibit facility), the HydeStreet Pier and historic vessels, and building Eat Fort Mason (park�s library and archives), ahistoric landmark building under Golden Gate

National Recreation Area (GGNRA) jurisdic-tion. The park also owns and maintains 35 acresof urban parkland and uses services and storagefacilities on federal properties in the local vicin-ity (see Park Context map).

Formerly the Maritime unit of GGNRA, theboundary of the park encompasses the nationalhistoric landmark � Aquatic Park HistoricDistrict (formerly a city park) � on SanFrancisco�s northern waterfront immediatelywest of the Fisherman�s Wharf area. The exhib-it facility is the Aquatic Park Bathhouse build-ing, completed in 1939 as the centerpiece of thedevelopment. The remainder of the historic dis-trict is essentially parkland and the boating andswimming lagoon. The swimming lagoon beachis maintained by GGNRA under a cooperativeagreement.

Included within the boundary of the historicdistrict is Victorian Park, an urban open spacedeveloped in the early 1960s to complementAquatic Park and the surrounding commercial/retail area. The major attractions of VictorianPark are the turnaround for the Hyde Streethistoric cable car and the large public lawn areathat slopes down toward the Bay. The cablecars and cable system are a national historiclandmark.

The park boundary also encompasses the HydeStreet Pier � site of the historic vessels displayand related activities � which is leased to thepark by the Port of San Francisco. The historicvessels moored at the pier include the scowschooner Alma, square-rigged ship Balclutha,schooner C. A. Thayer, ferry Eureka, the oceantug Hercules, and the river tug Eppleton Hall.All vessels except the Eppleton Hall are nation-al historic landmarks. (See Hyde Street Pier �Development Concept Plan map.) In additionto facilities within the boundary, the park also

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INTRODUCTION

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uses buildings that are under the jurisdiction ofGGNRA. One of these is landmark building E,a contributing building to the national historiclandmark in lower Fort Mason. This buildingcurrently houses the park�s headquarters andadministrative offices, library, historic docu-ments, collections management and storage,and reference services. The park also uses theHaslett Warehouse, a four-story unreinforcedmasonry building listed on the NationalRegister of Historic Places and designated bythe city as a historical landmark. The ware-house, which is adjacent to the eastern bound-ary of the park, is used for the storage of largemaritime artifacts, small watercraft, and othermarine-related material.

Because of the park�s urban location and Bayfrontage, its legislated boundary encompassesproperty managed by local governmental agen-cies. The Port of San Francisco manages prop-erty within the Bay and Fisherman�s Wharf,which includes the Hyde Street Pier andapproximately one-half of the Aquatic Parklagoon. The city and county of San Franciscomanage the cable car turnaround area on thesoutheast corner of Victorian Park, the landupon which the swimming and rowing clubs arelocated, the west end terminus of JeffersonStreet, and Van Ness Avenue where it meetsBay Street. At the bottom of Van Ness Avenueis Municipal Pier, which is under the jurisdic-tion of GGNRA. Moored across the Bay inSausalito, at the Army Corps of Engineersdocking facilities next to the Bay Model VisitorCenter, is an additional national historic land-mark vessel � the steam schooner Wapama (onbarge 214).

The background and legislative history of SanFrancisco Maritime National Historical Parkare as follows:

1950 San Francisco Maritime MuseumAssociation (museum association) estab-lished as a private, nonprofit organiza-tion

1951 San Francisco Maritime Museum (mar-itime museum) opened in the city-owned Aquatic Park Bathhouse (casino)building

1954 Museum association purchased thesquare-rigged ship Balclutha

1955 Balclutha opened to the public at Pier43 on Fisherman�s Wharf; ship moved toHyde Street Pier in 1988

1957 California state park unit established todisplay historic ships at Hyde StreetPier; additional vessels acquired andpartial restoration begun (schooner C.A. Thayer and steam schoonerWapama)

1958 The state of California acquired title tothe ferry Eureka from the museum asso-ciation

1959 The state of California purchased Alma,which was on the Alviso mudflats, andadded the vessel to the historic collec-tion

1963 Hyde Street Pier and historic vesselsopened to the public as the SanFrancisco Maritime State HistoricalPark

1972 Congress established the GGNRA withpassage of Public Law 92-589, October27; included the authority to acquire bydonation the Haslett Warehouse, HydeStreet Pier, historic vessels (includingthe square-rigged ship Balclutha),Aquatic and Victorian Parks, and theSan Francisco Maritime MuseumAssociation collection

1975 Steam tug Hercules acquired by thestate of California

1977 The state transferred its historic vessels,Haslett Warehouse, and interest inVictorian Park and Hyde Street Pier toGGNRA

1978 The San Francisco Maritime MuseumAssociation transferred the square-rigged ship Balclutha, English paddletug Eppleton Hall, and other collectionsto GGNRA

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1978 Public Law 95-625 amended the act ofOctober 17, 1972, for GGNRA, sectionsection (f), crediting rental proceedsfrom properties known as HaslettWarehouse, Cliff House, and Louis�Restaurant toward the administration,maintenance, repair, and related expens-es of the vessels and adjacent piers ofthe National Maritime Museum; provid-ing for the renovation and rehabilitationof buildings included in the Fort Masoncooperative agreement; and providingfor a coordinated public access systemto and within the recreation area

1979 GGNRA accepted the English paddletug Eppleton Hall into the collection ofhistoric vessels, as recommended by theregional director, Western RegionalOffice, National Park Service

1983 The maritime museum operations,Aquatic Park, Victorian Park, and thehistoric vessels consolidated as theMaritime unit of GGNRA

1988 On June 27, 1988, Congress passedPublic Law 100-348 establishing themaritime museum, park areas, and thehistoric vessels as the San FranciscoMaritime National Historical Park, aseparate administrative unit of theNational Park Service

PARK PURPOSE

The purpose of San Francisco MaritimeNational Historical Park is based on the legisla-tion governing the National Park Service andlegislation establishing the park, which is to�preserve and interpret the history and achieve-ments of seafaring Americans and of theNation�s maritime heritage, especially on thePacific Coast. . . .�

As a major center for Pacific Coast maritimeheritage, San Francisco Maritime NationalHistorical Park is to be managed as a museum,dedicated through its collections, programs, andpresentations to the maritime history, technolo-gy, arts, humanities, and maritime activities ofSan Francisco Bay and its interaction with thePacific Coast and worldwide maritime activity.

The museum serves three purposes:

Collection � Collects materials, includingstructures (notably large vessels), artifacts, art,small watercraft, books, documents, and muse-um objects

Preservation � Includes documentation, cata-loging, conservation, and maintenance of thecollection and perpetuation of traditional skillsand technologies

Interpretation � Includes exhibits, public pro-grams, education, publications, and encourage-ment of public and scholarly access to andresearch in the resources through a variety oftechniques

PARK SIGNIFICANCE

The significance of San Francisco MaritimeNational Historical Park is found in its collec-tion of large vessels, small watercraft, artifacts,art, historic documents, books, and museumobjects that are directly associated with the cen-tral role played by San Francisco Bay as thepreeminent seaport in the maritime heritage ofthe Pacific Coast of the United States.

The significant resources of San FranciscoMaritime National Historical Park are summa-rized below. Table 10 in the �AffectedEnvironment� section outlines the national reg-ister and national historic landmark status ofthe park�s resources. The significant resourcesinclude

� the fleet of historic vessels that include thescow schooner Alma (1891), square-riggedship Balclutha (1886), schooner C.A. Thayer(1895), ferry Eureka (1890), ocean tugHercules (1907), and the steam schoonerWapama (1915). Together, these vessels rep-resent one of the most historically significantperiods of commercial maritime activity onthe Pacific Coast. The river tug EppletonHall (1914) is a historic English craft in thepark�s collection.

� collection of approximately 90 small water-craft representing utility craft, working boatsfrom the West Coast, lifeboats from historicships, pilot tenders, fishing boats, and duck-

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hunting craft. The collection represents theperiod from the late 1800s to mid-1900s. Thesmall watercraft collection is accessioned,cataloged, and managed as part of the muse-um collection.

� artifact collection such as vessel fittings,communications equipment, aids to naviga-tion, lighthouse equipment, personal effects,fine and decorative arts, tools and hardwareof maritime industry, engine-related machin-ery, ship models, furniture and furnishings,land transportation equipment, weapons, andsmall craft fittings. Approximately 30,000items dating from the 1850s to the 1960smake up the museum artifact collection.

� historic document (archival) materials suchas photographs, manuscripts, businessrecords, vessel plans, nautical charts, andmaps that represent the finest collection ofWest Coast maritime history documentingindustry and community lifeways. The collec-tion is important for the information it con-tains and for its artifactual value.Approximately 1,500 linear feet of manu-scripts, 4,000 logbooks and sea journals,120,000 vessel and shipyard plans, 5,000charts and maps, and 185,000 photographicimages, including over 78,600 negatives,make up the collection. Archival materialsare accessioned, cataloged, and managed aspart of the museum collection.

� the J. Porter Shaw Library, which collectsand safeguards information to support thepark�s overall mission of preserving andinterpreting the Pacific Coast maritime her-itage. The library contains an estimated21,100 titles and is responsible for books,periodicals, and oral histories. Acquisition ofthe library�s 1,600 volumes in 1959 startedthe library as a valuable research tool tomaritime enthusiasts and scholars. Thelibrary includes three major collections �the John Lyman collection dating from 1790through the mid-1970s; the Barbara JohnsonWhaling Collection; and Mawdsley�s NavalHistory of World War II collection of 4,000volumes. The library also contains over 1,500rare books, 467 recorded oral histories, and1,200 recordings of sea shanties.

� historic structures and settings associatedwith the history of the Bay and Black Point,such as the Aquatic Park Historic District(1939), which includes the Aquatic ParkBathhouse and associated public artwork,bleachers and basement spaces, concessionstand and restroom buildings, east/westspeaker towers, seawall and promenade,WWII army landing pier (now Sea Scoutbase), integrated landscape portions ofAquatic Park, the Aquatic Park lagoon andbeach, and the Tubbs Cordage Companyoffice building (Tubbs building [1860]).

PARK VISION ANDMISSION STATEMENTS

The vision and mission statements for SanFrancisco Maritime National Historical Parkconvey the essence of the park�s qualities. Thestatements are built on the park�s purpose andsignificance and provide the basis for the man-agement objectives.

Vision

The vision for San Francisco MaritimeNational Historical Park is to be a majorcenter for Pacific Coast maritime history inits widest possible context.

Mission

The mission is to collect, preserve, andinterpret Pacific Coast maritime history inits own context and its influence on worldtrade in order to contribute to public appre-ciation and enjoyment.

PARK INTERPRETIVE THEMES

The park�s primary interpretive themes repre-sent those ideas about park resources that arethe most important messages for the park toconvey to the visitor. Theme statements arederived from a park�s significance and are theframework for establishing a uniform inter-pretive approach to park programs, educationalmedia, museum exhibits and displays, and otherinterpretive activities experienced by the visitor.

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Theme statements express a complete idearather than a listing of specific topics and focusupon their relevance to the park. The primaryand secondary interpretive themes for SanFrancisco Maritime National Historical Parkare as follows:

Primary Interpretive Themes

Oceanic Trade. San Francisco was, for morethan a century, the major Pacific Coast port forocean shipping. The passage of vessels and car-goes bound for distant ports (or inbound fromthose ports) through the Golden Gate trans-formed San Francisco into one of the world�sgreat cosmopolitan areas and was vital to thedevelopment of the Pacific states.

Coastal Trade. The majority of vessels on thePacific Coast were employed in a diverse andhigh-volume coastal trade. As the principalAmerican port on the Pacific, from before thegold rush through World War II, San Franciscowas the center of coastal shipping. Serving as acommercial hub, the port of San Franciscoreceived and distributed Pacific Coast com-modities and dry goods brought by deep-watervessels.

Bay and River. Due to the confluence of manynavigable rivers leading from areas rich in agri-cultural yield and natural resources into a greatbay made up of many smaller bays, fringed withcities, bay and river-borne traffic was crucial tothe development of the San Francisco Bay Areaas a world maritime center.

Marine Harvesting. The abundance of the richsea life of the Pacific Coast has provided prof-itable employment for people and vessels andadded greatly to the diversity of maritime activ-ity at San Francisco.

Marine Business, Labor, and Shore-BasedSupport Activities. Commercial vessels sail tomake a profit, and the people who sail them tomake a living. A voyage by any vessel must beseen as part of a larger economic and socialprocess, involving interaction between bothindividuals and organizations.

Secondary Interpretive Themes

Political, Military, Economic. Local, UnitedStates, and worldwide political and economictrends and military affairs have had profoundreciprocal impacts on San Francisco Bay�s mar-itime scene.

Technology. Maritime technology has alwaysexisted in tension between tradition and inno-vation. The building of a ship was, for manysocieties, the ultimate technological expression.This included the method for building the hull,the choice of propulsion, and the developmentof necessary equipment. Cautious technologicaladvance was also critical to support activities inport.

Maritime Sociology. The maritime communityhas formed a distinct cultural group, set apartby the nature of its work and often by its ownself-identification, from the majority of theshore-bound population. The ranks of this com-munity have themselves been divided alongoccupational, regional, ethnic, class, and ideo-logical lines.

Maritime Arts. Maritime art reflects the nauti-cal experience. Sailors and others who pro-duced maritime art depict their world through avariety of media arising from their workingenvironment. Maritime activity has consistentlyinspired artistic expression far outside the mar-itime community.

Environmental Factors in Maritime History.Any maritime endeavor heavily depends on theinterplay of man and the natural environment.The role of environmental conditions � of landand sea � must be recognized in the develop-ment of maritime history. Geographical loca-tion, geophysical and climatic systems, and thedistribution of trade commodities and resourcesall influence maritime history. A study of theeffects of human action on aquatic environ-ments is an equally vital component of thisequation.

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COOPERATING ORGANIZATIONS

San Francisco Maritime National HistoricalPark has agreements and relationships with sev-eral nonprofit and legislated organizations thatprovide assistance and support in various forms.These organizations include

National Maritime Museum Association. TheNational Maritime Museum Association(NMMA) founded the Maritime Museum inSan Francisco during the early 1950s. The asso-ciation later donated its collection of museumartifacts and vessels to the National ParkService in the late 1970s, which included therestored square-rigged ship Balclutha.

Since that time, the association has continuedto play an active role in the development of thepark. Under two cooperative agreements, thisnonprofit organization manages a variety ofactivities which include public outreach, specialevents, publications, educational programs,museum staff support, and fee collection at theHyde Street Pier. An important educationalprogram is the popular Environmental LivingProgram that brings nearly 10,000 school chil-dren aboard the historic vessels to learn aboutand participate in their maritime heritage. Theassociation has a membership of approximately3,000 members and works to provide volunteerassistance and raise private donations in sup-port of park projects. The association providesapproximately 50 employees to support parkinterpretive programs, museum, and HydeStreet Pier operations.

The association independently manages theWorld War II submarine USS Pampanito as afloating museum vessel at Pier 45 inFisherman�s Wharf, approximately five blocksfrom the Hyde Street Pier. Proceeds from thePampanito exhibit are dedicated to her contin-ued preservation and support many of the asso-ciation�s efforts on behalf of the park.

Associates of the National Maritime MuseumLibrary. Established in 1982, the library friends�group, Associates of the National MaritimeMuseum Library (known as LibraryAssociates), is a nonprofit organization with amemorandum of cooperation with the NationalPark Service and informal agreement of coop-

eration with the National Maritime MuseumAssociation.

The Library Associates provide volunteer assis-tance throughout the library, advance fundingto purchase library materials and rare books,the Captain Fred Klebingat lecture series, giftsto the library�s collection and a duplicate booksales service to other libraries and independentcollectors, which is their primary revenuesource.

The Library Associates are active in fund-rais-ing, publications and publicity for the libraryand its research collection and services. In addi-tion, the Library Associates have establishedtwo endowments � the Dean MawdsleyAcquisition Endowment and the Karl KortumEndowment for Maritime History. The LibraryAssociates are an entirely volunteer organiza-tion and therefore virtually all proceeds raisedgo through the organization to the library.

Maritime Bookstore. The Maritime Bookstoreat Hyde Street is operated by the Golden GateNational Parks Association. The store sellsbooks, artwork, and crafts focused on the park�smaritime theme. Revenues from book sales areused to support specific projects and interpre-tive programs of the park, as identified and pri-oritized by park management.

The National Liberty Ship Memorial. TheNational Liberty Ship Memorial was founded in1978 specifically to restore, refurbish, and placeon public display the SS Jeremiah O�Brien as afloating memorial to those dedicated and hero-ic American citizens who built, loaded, sailed,or died aboard Liberty Ships during World WarII. The memorial, which operates as a nonprofitcorporation, provides services ranging frompreservation activities, maintenance and protec-tion to public display. It assists the NationalPark Service through a cooperative agreementwith providing interpretive demonstrations, liv-ing exhibits, and other park programs focusedon enhancing the public�s awareness of its mar-itime heritage. In addition to preservation andmaintenance activities, volunteers of the organi-zation take the ship out several times each yearfor San Francisco Bay cruises to raise funds.

In the spring of 1994, a group of dedicated vol-unteers sailed the S.S. Jeremiah O�Brien from

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San Francisco to Normandy, France, to partici-pate in the 50-year anniversary of the D-Dayinvasion of Europe. The liberty ship was one ofthe original vessels used during the historicinvasion in 1944. The entire round-trip voyagetook seven months to complete, and was recog-nized in media accounts world-wide.

Advisory Commission, San Francisco MaritimeNational Historical Park. As contained in thepark�s enabling legislation, Public Law 100-348,section 5, established a 12-member advisorycommission for the park. The members of thecommission are appointed by the secretary withrepresentatives from the National MaritimeMuseum Association; the office of the gover-nor, state of California; mayor, city of SanFrancisco; secretary of commerce; and mem-bers at-large who have professional expertise inmaritime history or historic preservation.

The function of the commission is to advise thesecretary on the management and developmentof the park through meetings held with the parksuperintendent and the public.

VOLUNTEERS-IN-PARKS PROGRAM

The Volunteers-In-Parks (VIPs) program issupported by over 500 volunteers who partici-pate in all areas of the park�s operations.Approximately half of the volunteers assist inthe maintenance and preservation of the his-toric vessels berthed at Hyde Street Pier andare trained in the traditional skills required towork on these unique historic structures. Someof the skills include varnishing, caulking, wire-splicing, rigging, canvas-sewing, engine repair,and other metalwork and woodwork. Older vol-unteers with experience in this type of workhelp to guide and teach the younger volunteers.The individual ship maintenance volunteers aresupplemented by many youth groups from localarea schools, scout troops, and churches, as wellas by adults from the P-20 project and othersponsored agencies. The two active ships, Almaand Hercules, are maintained and operatedalmost entirely by volunteer crews.

Volunteers also work in a variety of other parkdepartments. Some of the park�s most success-ful volunteer sites include the library, where

VIPs assist with cataloging and research andthe small craft shop on Hyde Street Pier, whereVIPs maintain and rebuild small watercraft inthe park�s collection.

The park also has a successful docent program,where every weekend VIP docents provideguided �Highlight Tours� to visitors who mightnot be able to attend a regularly scheduledranger program. The docents also staff theMaritime Museum�s information desk one daya week. Once a month, the docents don cos-tumes and assume the identities of 19th centuryseafarers as part of �Living History Day.� Thisactivity has become a popular part of the park�sinterpretive program and now includes rangersin costume interacting with the costumeddocents. Volunteers also assist the park in thecollection management, historic documents,and the warehouse and moorings departments.

Once a month all VIPs are invited to a dinnerthat is prepared by other VIPs on a traditionalwoodstove aboard one of the historic sailingships. This monthly dinner is one way the parkexpresses its appreciation for all the volunteers,and it provides an opportunity for them to findout what is going on in other areas of the park.In October the park hosts an �AppreciationNight� for the VIPs, in which awards are pre-sented to the outstanding volunteers in eachdepartment, as well as to volunteers who havereached �Hour Milestones,� such as 200, 500,and 1,000 hours. The park provides the volun-teers with uniforms, tools, safety equipment,and all required training.

MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES

The management objectives for San FranciscoMaritime National Historical Park, which arebased on the park�s purpose, significance,vision, and mission statements, set the directionfor future park management. The objectivesdescribe desired conditions to be achieved bythis General Management Plan.

Cultural Resource Management

� Preserve, manage, and interpret park cultur-al resources (historic vessels, artifacts, art,

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historic documents, library materials, and thehistoric district) for the benefit of presentand future generations.

� Provide for the proper care, storage, andexhibition of the park collection.

� Provide for the preservation of the fleet ofhistoric vessels consistent with the practicesand provisions of the Secretary of theInterior�s Standards for Historic VesselPreservation Projects and the NationalHistoric Preservation Act. Provide facilitiesor ensure that facilities are available to pre-serve the historic vessels.

� Manage environmental conditions and criti-cal processes to ensure the preservation ofrare and significant artifacts and collections.

� To the extent possible, restore altered anddeteriorated resources for appropriate use.Historic vessels, small watercraft, artifacts,historic documents, and library resources willbe restored as appropriate for such uses asoperation, exhibition, and research. Preservehistoric integrity consistent with resourcecontext, acceptable practice, and governingstandards.

� Manage visitor use, development, and sup-port services to protect the park�s resourcesand values.

� Provide opportunities for research, study,and maritime skills training focused onPacific Coast maritime history, consistentwith park purpose and mission.

� Inventory, monitor, and maintain data onpark cultural resources and effectively usethis information to facilitate park manage-ment decisions to improve preservation ofpark collections and materials.

� Clearly delineate the park boundary to makeit clear to the public and to protect parkresources.

Visitor Experience

� Provide a range of quality visitor experiencesbased on the resources and purpose of SanFrancisco Maritime National Historical Park,compatible with preservation of thoseresources.

� Provide equal access to programs, activities,and maritime experiences for individualswith disabilities, as appropriate and consis-tent with the levels of development andinherent levels of access within the park andits resources.

� Provide access that is appropriate and consis-tent with the character and integrity of eachhistoric element and the desired visitor expe-rience, whether vessel, small craft, building,artifact, or document.

� Provide a wide range of interpretive oppor-tunities and information services to bestassist, inform, educate, and challenge visi-tors.

� Develop visitor use management strategiesto enhance the visitor experience while mini-mizing conflicts and resource impacts.

� Provide a wide range of educational andinterpretive programs for the park whichmay include classes and lectures and expan-sion of the Environmental Living Program.

� Provide enhanced public and researcheraccess to library resources and historic docu-ments through improved facilities and staffsupport.

� Improve the outdated museum exhibits andwayside interpretation aboard the vessels andHyde Street Pier, so as to better assist,inform, educate, and challenge visitors.

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Park Development/Facility Design

� Consistent with the park�s purpose, strive tomake San Francisco Maritime NationalHistorical Park a model of excellence in sus-tainable design and management throughsuch means as energy efficiency, conserva-tion, compatibility with historic setting andarchitecture, recycling, accessibility, and theuse of alternative energy sources.

� Provide visitor and operations facilities andservices, as necessary and appropriate, in oradjacent to those uses.

� Ensure that development and facilities withinthe park are necessary for park purposes.

� Encourage appropriate use and adaptivereuse of historic structures while preservinghistoric integrity.

� Design high-quality facilities that exemplifyvisual consistency.

Local Context

� Understand, assess, and consider the effectsof park decisions outside the park bound-aries as well as inside.

� Encourage the participation and support oflocal volunteer groups, friends� groups, part-ners, and cooperating associations to assistthe park in accomplishing its goals.

� Work cooperatively with appropriate localgroups and government agencies to empha-size the public�s use of alternative modes oftransportation to the park and surroundingareas.

� Work cooperatively with appropriate localgroups and government agencies to encour-age compatible, aesthetic, and planneddevelopment and recreational opportunitiesadjacent to park boundaries, and to provideinformation, orientation, and services to visi-tors.

ACCESS FOR VISITORSWITH DISABILITIES

As explained in the NPS Management Policies,the National Park Service would provide thehighest feasible level of physical access for peo-ple with disabilities to historic properties, con-sistent with the preservation of the properties�significant historical attributes. Access modifi-cations for people with disabilities would bedesigned and installed to least affect the fea-tures of a property that contributes to its signif-icance. Some impairment of features would beaccepted when providing access. If it is deter-mined that modification of particular featureswould destroy a property�s significance, howev-er, such modifications would not be made (NPS1988).

All nonhistoric public use buildings within thepark would be made fully accessible to peoplewith disabilities, and every effort would bemade to ensure that providing accessibility tohistoric buildings would be balanced with main-taining the historic integrity of each structure.All visitor services would be adapted for thosevisitors with special needs.

Access to the historic ships would be providedto the greatest extent possible and would bebalanced with maintaining the historic integrityand structural stability of each vessel. Since1987, the Balclutha has been the most accessi-ble 19th century vessel afloat. Where accessibil-ity would be restricted due to resource protec-tion constraints, an equal visitor experienceopportunity would be provided in accordancewith the Americans with Disabilities Act.

Access to the Hyde Street Pier, Aquatic Park,Victorian Park, and building E would conformto federal accessibility standards, and accessibleparking with adjoining aisles would be providedwhere feasible in these park areas.

Access to the Haslett Warehouse would be pro-vided as part of the future rehabilitation anddevelopment improvements.

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OVERVIEW

Greater use of the park�s collection by the pub-lic for research and interpretive purposes wouldbe accomplished through the use of additionalfacilities. Existing park facilities would beupgraded to display and preserve the park�s col-lection. Under a partnership agreement, theHaslett Warehouse would be leased to a privatedeveloper for rehabilitation for adaptive use asthe future maritime museum, visitor contact,NPS headquarters and administrative functions,and commercial use. The Park Service woulduse space for interpretive/museum exhibits, visi-tor contact, and potentially some storage formuseum and ship maintenance materials.Remaining building space would be developedfor commercial leasing with lease revenues usedfor preservation of the ships and other park cul-tural resources. When fiscally possible, the ParkService would obtain additional space for relo-cation of the park headquarters and administra-tive offices, and to phase in expansion of futuremuseum exhibits, exhibit preparation and stor-age, and associated functions.

A distinct, 19th century San Francisco designtheme would clearly establish the unique mar-itime identity of the park. The Hyde andJefferson Street intersection would become thefocal point for drawing visitors to the park. Thisarea would be redesigned to enhance pedestri-an access and visibility of the pier and historicships and to expand the interpretive opportuni-ties. Visitors would be guided by visual, physi-cal, and interpretive connections between allthe park�s primary elements (Hyde Street Pier,Haslett Warehouse, Aquatic Park Bathhouse,Victorian Park, and building E). In addition toinformation regarding park facilities and pro-grams, visitors would be encouraged to experi-ence other related sites in the Bay Area (seeThe Plan map).

CULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Historic Ships Management

Major ship preservation and restoration workthat requires shipyard services or dry dock facil-ities would continue to be contracted to com-mercial shipyards. This action could be supple-mented by establishing appropriate agreementsfor use of facilities (dry docks, pier services,equipment, utilities) with private or public facil-ity owners, particularly if commercial shipyardfacilities become unavailable. These uses wouldinclude short-term activities and long-term shippreservation and restoration projects.

The AFDL-38 floating dry dock (owned by thepark) would be retained and used as an addi-tional ship repair berth (except for Eureka andWapama barge 214, which are too large) atfacilities available through agreement. TheAFDL-38 would continue to be leased to pri-vate contractors to maximize its use, minimizeits maintenance costs, and generate revenue foruse as an operations and maintenance fund.

Topside maintenance of the ships would contin-ue to be provided by Park Service riggers, deck-hands, and shipwrights with assistance of volun-teers at the Hyde Street Pier. Maintenancefunctions would be centered on the pier. Themultipurpose building on the pier would pro-vide workshop and storage space to supportdaily shipwright activities, as well as provideoffice space for the ships� manager and inter-pretive rangers. It would also reduce the needfor shop activities on the ships.

Rigging and deckhand space would also be pro-vided adjacent to the pier in leased space in thefisheries building or other facility if made avail-able by the Port of San Francisco. Maintainingthese functions at the pier would not only beconvenient for work on the ships but would

THE PLAN

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provide a valuable interpretive opportunity forvisitors to observe the tasks and specializedskills necessary to preserve the vessels.

The shipwright functions that typically entaillarger pieces of work, machinery, and spacewould be located at the Presidio and, if needed,at dry dock facilities used for major shipworkprocured for Park Service use through appro-priate agreements.

Historic Ships Treatment

The Alma, Balclutha, Eureka, Hercules, C.A.Thayer, and Eppleton Hall would all be berthedfor public display at Hyde Street Pier. Visitorswould be able to board all the vessels. TheLewis Ark houseboat would be preserved as anexhibit adjacent to the pier and placed out ofthe water on a support structure.

Dismantling the Wapama would be undertakenonly as a last resort before implementation. ThePark Service, in full consultation with the statehistoric preservation officer, would explore thewidest possible range of alternative measuresfor preserving the vessel. Such alternativeswould include, in priority order, leasing of thevessel, working with local/state/federal govern-ment or private agencies to relocate the vesselto a site conducive to preservation and inter-pretation, or transfer to a federal or state orprivate entity with the proven capability offunding and carrying out preservation of thevessel.

If leasing, relocation, or transfer of the vesselwas impossible within two years after the dateof completion of the General Management Plan,or if structural collapse was imminent and thevessel became a safety hazard, the Park Servicewould demolish the vessel. If the officer woulddisagree with such action, the Park Servicewould consult according to the programmaticagreement, stipulation IX, dispute resolution.

The C.A. Thayer would be restored. Marineexperts believe that enough of her originalstructure can be saved to justify restoration.Although restoration would be a major under-taking requiring several years of planning andeffort, the National Park Service believes itwould be reasonable and feasible.

In addition to being easier to maintain, inter-pretation of a restored Thayer would be en-hanced because she would more accurately rep-resent her condition during her working days.

Table 1 on the following page outlines the treat-ment goal and use for each historic vessel.

Collection Facilities

Building E at lower Fort Mason would continueto house the library and historic document col-lection and provide space for all functions ofthe library and historic documents department,including accessioning, preservation, storage,processing, cataloging, reference services, pub-lic programs, and administration. The photo labwould be relocated to building E to consolidatethe historic documentsdepartment. The LibraryAssociates would be relocated to building E toconsolidate library functions. The collectionsmanagement department would be relocatedelsewhere. To further support expansion for theabove uses within building E, the park wouldexplore options to relocate the park headquar-ters and administrative offices to another facili-ty. Building E would be upgraded to meet seis-mic safety requirements and to provide appro-priate environmental conditions and equipmentto house and use the variety of library andarchival materials.

The park would work cooperatively withGolden Gate National Recreation Area to pur-sue development of a single collection manage-ment facility in a building at the Presidio thatmeets the needs of both parks. Storage for thepark�s artifact and small watercraft collectionand work space for the collections managementdepartment would be consolidated in this facili-ty. The building would also be improved as nec-essary to meet seismic safety requirements andprovide adequate environmental controls andequipment for those functions. Until a facility isdeveloped, existing offsite space would bemaintained at one or more offsite locations asneeded. Storage facilities for nitrate cellulosenegatives from San Francisco MaritimeNational Historical Park and Golden GateNational Recreation Area would be relocatedto storage space at the Presidio or some otherrepository facility.

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VISITOR USE AND DEVELOPMENT

Design Theme

The primary entrance into the park would becentered around the intersection of Hyde andJefferson Streets, which would function as aninformal pedestrian plaza with emphasis on SanFrancisco�s maritime heritage. The identity ofthe San Francisco Maritime National HistoricalPark would be clearly established through thecareful placement of park signs and the use of adistinctive 19th century San Francisco designtheme. The signs would be located so visitorscould easily see them when entering the parkfrom Hyde or Jefferson Street, Beach Street, orfrom Van Ness Avenue/Fort Mason. Theentrance signs and thematic design elementswould serve to draw visitors to Aquatic/Victorian Park, Haslett Warehouse, and the his-toric ships berthed at Hyde Street Pier.

Other park focal points with improved signswould be developed in Aquatic Park at the

entrance on Beach and Larkin Streets, at theentrance to the promenade at Van NessAvenue, and at building E for visitors using thelibrary and historic documents. A park signwould also be placed on the offshore end ofHyde Street Pier to inform boaters and watertaxi and ferry passengers of the park�s location.

The 19th century design theme would be com-patible with the architectural style of the HydeStreet Pier, Haslett Warehouse, and VictorianPark. The theme would be reflected in designguidelines for such elements as benches, lightfixtures, railings, pier decking and street pavingmaterials, signs, banners, graphics, and new orreplacement structures on the pier. The designof these features would be compatible with thehistoric setting. Particular care would be usednot to detract from the streamline modern styleof Aquatic Park Bathhouse and the other fea-tures of Aquatic Park.

Offsite design elements would also be consid-ered to promote the presence of the park to the

TABLE 1: SUMMARY OF TREATMENT AND USE OF VESSELS

Ship Treatment Use

Alma � scow schooner Preservation Operating condition

Balclutha � square-rigged ship Preservation Stationary floating exhibit

C.A. Thayer � schooner Restoration Statioary floating exhibit

Eppleton Hall � river tug Preservation Limited operating condition

Eureka � ferry Preservation Stationary floating exhibit

Hercules � ocean tug Preservation Operating condition

Wapama � steam schooner Stationary exhibit on floating barge; in the event the vesselbecomes unsafe, dismantle according to the terms of theprogrammatic agreement and National Historic PreservationAct. Salvage contributing features for interpretive use andresearch value.

Lewis Ark � houseboat Preservation Exhibit adjacent to Hyde Street Pier, supported out of water

Note: The definitions of types of use are as follows: Operating condition � vessel regularly operated through waterunder own power; Stationary floating exhibit � vessel afloat at pier; Limited operating condition � vessel rarely operat-ed through water under own power. Public access would be restricted from vessels while in operation because of rat-ing constraints, safety requirements, and Coast Guard regulations. These vessels would be used for public relationspurposes, visibility, outreach programs, and preservation of maritime skills.

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millions of tourists who visit the Fisherman�sWharf area. Park identity and informationwould be coordinated with local agency effortsto provide visitor information, amenities, andimprovements within the Fisherman�s Wharfarea.

Access and Circulation

Pedestrian access into the park through theHyde and Jefferson Streets intersection wouldbe enhanced by the consideration of restrictingvehicular traffic and parking during peak visita-tion hours (10:00 a.m. � 4:00 p.m.) on weekendsduring the peak use season. The intersectionwould function as an inviting, pedestrian-orient-ed plaza. During that time through-traffic andparking would be eliminated from Hyde Streetbetween Jefferson and Beach Streets and fromJefferson Street between its west terminus andFish Alley. Through-traffic would be deflectedout of the wharf area on Leavenworth Street atthe Cannery instead of on Hyde Street. Theexisting San Francisco Municipal Railway(MUNI) transit route would be maintained atthe Hyde Street/cable car stop. Vehicular accessand parking for commercial traffic to Fish Alleybusinesses, swimming and rowing club mem-bers, and the public would not be alteredbefore and following the peak visitation time-frame. Appropriate traffic studies and environ-mental analysis would be prepared prior to anyimplementation, and the parking restrictionsand traffic deflection proposals would bereviewd and coordinated with the appropriatedepartment of the city of San Francisco, PortAuthority, and Bay Conservation andDevelopment Commission.

Approximately 35 public parking spaces wouldcontinue to be available along west BeachStreet adjacent to the south side of the AquaticPark Bathhouse. Approximately 105 publicparking spaces would be maintained on lowerVan Ness Avenue within the park. These spaceswould be designated with 4-hour parking limitsduring peak visitation hours to allow moreavailable space for visitors. The 1980 GeneralManagement Plan for Golden Gate NationalRecreation Area includes a proposal to workwith the city to develop a multilevel parkinggarage at the foot of Van Ness Avenue to helpoffset the waterfront parking deficit. The park

would cooperate in the effort to improve park-ing capacities in this area of the waterfront.

The park and Fisherman�s Wharf area in gener-al are highly accessible by various forms of masstransit (MUNI transit lines/cable car and Fline). The park would work cooperatively withthe city of San Francisco and local businessinterests to encourage local residents and visi-tors to use these alternative forms of trans-portation. To improve access the park wouldsupport related transportation proposals in theGolden Gate National Recreation AreaGeneral Management Plan and the PresidioGeneral Management Plan Amendment. Theseinclude opening the railroad tunnel under FortMason as an access to the maritime park fromthe Marina District and Presidio and extendingthe F-line rail system from Fisherman�s Wharfwest through Aquatic Park to the Presidio; andestablishment of a system of water shuttlesaccessing park sites in San Francisco Bay.

Parkwide Interpretation and Education

The visitor experience for the park would bebased on the identified vision and mission state-ments, park purpose, interpretive themes, andsignificant resources. The maritime history,objects, and overall park scene would beenhanced through an expanded and variedinterpretive program.

Under an expanded interpretive program, theHaslett Warehouse would become the park�sprimary museum exhibit facility in the future.Hyde Street Pier would continue as the primaryinterpretive location with increased opportuni-ties for interpretation of the historic ships,small watercraft, and associated maintenanceactivities. Ship work and maintenance would beinterpreted where appropriate, including if fea-sible, at any offsite dry dock facilities.Redesigned and improved signs along with newinterpretive exhibits would enhance the linksbetween all the park facilities.

The park�s library and historic documentsdepartments represent a valuable interpretiveresource to visitors who are motivated toexplore deeper into maritime history.Researchers use these sources to disseminateinformation about maritime history through

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books, articles, films, videos, and other prod-ucts that reach many people who never visit thepark. Improved pedestrian and/or transit accessand directional signs from the HaslettWarehouse/Hyde Street Pier/ Aquatic Park areawould be used to encourage visitors to makeuse of these facilities. Informational and inter-pretive media at the maritime museum (pro-posed at the Haslett Warehouse) and/or theHyde Street Pier also would inform visitorsabout the activities and programs offered at thelibrary.

The library would continue to make significantcontributions to the museum�s interpretive pro-gram through special programs and lecturesprovided by the Library Associates. Some ofthese programs would make use of the theaterfacilities proposed in the Haslett Warehousebuilding and the redesigned forepier area atHyde Street Pier.

Interpretive programs at the park would contin-ue to include a wide variety of regularly sched-uled talks, tours, demonstrations, musical pro-grams, and evening activities. The park wouldsupplement these activities through specialevents, guest lectures, seminars, classes, andworkshops (many offered through friends�groups and the cooperating associations). TheEnvironmental Living Program conducted atHyde Street Pier by the National MaritimeMuseum Association would continue. The parkwould also support the growth and develop-ment of community outreach efforts for educa-tional programs, such as the successful Age ofSail Living History Program. In addition Alma,Hercules, C.A. Thayer, Eppleton Hall, and parksmall watercraft would continue to be used forspecial interpretive excursions, which wouldcarry the mission and interpretive messages ofthe park to different ports around the BayArea.

Interpretation staff would be supplemented bycontinuing and expanding the park�s volunteerand docent program. Currently, volunteers anddocents provide site interpretation, highlighttours, demonstrations of maritime music, arts,

and skills, living history programs, and staffingof the museum information desk. An expandedvolunteer and docent program would includemore costumed interpreters and the develop-ment of a demonstration team, which wouldperform such complex demonstrations as sailhandling, work aloft, and breeches buoy res-cues. The National Maritime MuseumAssociation would take a more active role inproviding interpretive programs for the park.

Each of the major interpretive sites would offeran information/orientation function. In additionto information regarding park facilities and pro-grams, visitors would be encouraged to experi-ence other related sites in and around the BayArea. Travel and tour information to other BayArea sites would be provided to expand visitorappreciation of the region (e.g., Fort Mason,Presidio, Ferry Building, Cable Car Museum,Golden Gate National Recreation Area, SSJeremiah O�Brien, and USS Pampanito). Thepark would also explore opportunities to workwith tour operators to enhance and broadenvisitation opportunities to the park.

More specific interpretive elements are dis-cussed under the following development con-cept plans for each of the major visitor useareas of the park.

Education and training in maritime skills andtechnology would be supported by the park.Ship preservation facilities would support thisactivity and would function in part as a trainingcenter. A program of training in maritime skillsdirected at staff, volunteers, and the publicwould be pursued, both to ensure the ongoingavailability of these crafts for preservation ofpark resources and as a part of the overall edu-cational mission of the park. Training wouldalso be pursued through the National Centerfor Preservation Technology and Training(NCPTT) Presidio Training Center. In coopera-tion with the San Francisco Sea Scouts, thepark would also explore options to provide sailtraining at the Sea Scout base. Appropriateagreements would be established with the SeaScouts for operation and use of the facility.

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Hyde Street Pier Development Concept Plan

The Hyde and Jefferson Streets intersectionwould be a focal point for drawing visitors tothe park; the area would be redesigned toenhance pedestrian access and open views tothe pier. As part of this design concept the mar-itime bookstore would be relocated from theforepier to the southwest corner of the intersec-tion. A pedestrian access and grand stairway isproposed to permit visitors direct access to andfrom the cable car turnaround from the inter-section. The 19th century design theme woulddistinguish this area from the surroundingurban space, and the plaza and forepier/entryto Hyde Street Pier would be integratedthrough common paving treatments, signs, nau-tical theme-lighting, and street furnishings. (SeeHyde Street Pier DCP map.)

The Hyde Street Pier would continue as theprimary interpretive area for the park�s fleet ofhistoric ships. The forepier would beredesigned to create an inviting entry to thepier by opening up views toward the ships andproviding space for visitor circulation and inter-pretive activities. Views and access would be

improved by relocating the bookstore awayfrom the pier. Some of the large artifacts, suchas the George Shima and Sea Fox wheelhousesand Petaluma paddle wheel would be relocatedon the pier so as not to obstruct views of theships, or they could be placed in storage untilthey could be exhibited at the maritime muse-um in the Haslett Warehouse. The swimmingand rowing clubs would remain adjacent to theforepier consistent with the Golden GateNational Recreation Area General ManagementPlan.

The forepier would provide an action-orientedscene where visitors could encounter demon-strations, musical programs, talks, or conductedtours. Seeing and hearing these activities fromthe entrance also would attract visitors onto thepier. The fee collection/entrance station wouldbe relocated to the far end of the forepier.

Visitor circulation would be directed along thewest side of the pier to an interpretive zonethat would include interpretation of crafts, mar-itime life, and ships� maintenance activities. Thesmall craft shop, multipurpose building (main-tenance shop, space for shipwrights, ships� man-

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Ship Model ExhibitHyde Street Pier � Forepier Entry Concept

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ager, and interpretive ranger offices) and Tubbsbuilding (Environmental Living Program)would be maintained along the east side of thepier. The commercial fishing fleet andFisherman�s Wharf would serve as a backdropto this arrangement, while retaining views ofthe Bay.

The small craft shop would be replaced with animproved structure designed to complement thepier theme and avoid obstructing views of theships. Options would be explored by the ParkService with the swimming and rowing clubs tointerpret some of their activities and small crafton the Hyde Street Pier.

Because the historic ships are the primaryattractions and resources of the park, theywould be maintained in their current berthingarrangement at the pier. The interpretive mediaand programs associated with them would pro-vide visitor understanding and appreciation ofeach vessel, the vessel type it represents, andthe role each played in the Pacific Coast andSan Francisco�s maritime history. This wouldinclude not only the physical aspects of eachship but also the human elements related totheir operation.

The multipurpose building would be main-tained on the pier to support essential topsideship maintenance functions, with many shipmaintenance activities conducted in full view ofthe visiting public. Vessel damage control �equipment to assist with fire, flooding, or otheremergencies � would also be located within oradjacent to the multipurpose building on HydeStreet Pier. In addition, leased space adjacentto the pier (fisheries building) would be soughtfrom the Port of San Francisco to provide forrigging loft, rigging staff, and deckhand staffmaintenance needs. These activities would pro-vide interpretive opportunities to help visitorsappreciate the myriad of tasks and special skillsrequired to preserve the vessels. The Lewis Arkwould be preserved and interpreted as anexhibit adjacent to the pier.

The portion of the pier adjoining the historicships would be more than a thoroughfare toaccess the ships. Physical elements would beadded to demonstrate various pier activitiesand to make functional associations with theships. These could include examples of differ-

ent types of cargo, marine supplies, andmachinery for loading and unloading vessels.These furnishings would relate to each vesseland help visitors understand their primary func-tions. Physical features of the pier (i.e., decking,railings, and lighting) would be compatible withthe late 19th century ambiance. Interpretivemedia (such as wayside exhibits) would alsoreflect this period design, and improvementswould be made to allow visitors to board all theships. Because the ferry Eureka is the only ves-sel with a direct historical connection to HydeStreet Pier, its mooring position and gangwayramp would be maintained close to its historicappearance.

Haslett Warehouse Development Concept Plan

It is the short-term goal of the National ParkService to provide for the rehabilitation, preser-vation, and maintenance of the HaslettWarehouse. The long-term goal would be torelocate the Maritime Museum to the ware-house and use it as the primary museum exhibitfacility as well as the park�s headquartersadministration and visitor contact. To make thisgoal economically feasible, a partnership agree-ment would be developed to lease the buildingon a long-term basis to a private developer whowould be responsible for rehabilitating thebuilding for a combination of Park Service andcommercial lease uses. Permitting commercialinvestment in the building would relieve thePark Service of funding the rehabilitation costsand would allow the improvements to begin ina shorter timeframe, as the estimated rehabili-tation costs would be approximately $18�19million. This would allow public use of thebuilding, while preserving its significant historiccharacteristics and features.

Depending on the terms of the partnershipagreement, the Park Service would occupy aportion of the first and second floors along thenorthwest corner of the building to provide forinterpretive/museum exhibits, visitor contact,and some storage for museum and ship mainte-nance materials and equipment. The visitorcontact/reception area and exhibit space wouldprovide information, orientation, and interpre-tation and would be accessible from a primaryentrance on Jefferson Street. Signs and otherstreet improvements would attract visitors to

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the entrance, which would be compatible withthe historic structure of the warehouse and thesurrounding area. Introduction of a visitor usefunction into the Haslett Warehouse would fur-ther promote the visitor use/park entrance con-cept focused around the intersection andentrance to Hyde Street Pier. Remaining build-ing space would be used for various commercialleasing opportunities, with an emphasis on usescompatible with surrounding commercial uses.A portion of the revenue generated from thecommercial lease space would be returned tothe park and would be used for preservation ofthe historic ships and other park culturalresources.

The partnership agreement would addressrehabilitation and maintenance lease arrange-ments and timeframes on the lease. The agree-ment would also ensure compliance with regu-lations for leasing of historic structures. Thelease would include provisions for the ParkService to acquire additional space for expan-sion of museum functions and eventual reloca-tion of park headquarters. Incremental expan-

sion within the Haslett Warehouse would bedone for museum exhibits, exhibit preparationand storage space, and associated functions asneeded and as funding allowed. This fundingfor the design of the museum and constructionof new exhibits and other structures could beprovided through the Park Service or outsidesources such as donations or fund-raising activi-ties sponsored by the National MaritimeMuseum Association, or other nonprofit orga-nization (see Haslett Warehouse DCP map).Exact space allocation within the building andthe amount of lease revenues payable to thePark Service would depend on the actual termsof the partnership agreement and would bebased in part on the financial feasibility of thedeveloper to cover operating costs plus gener-ate enough of a net operating surplus to covercapital cost (debt service) and provide a returnon investment (profit). It would also involvebalancing the acquisition of additional NPSspace in the building with receiving greaterlease revenues from the developer, which wouldbe used to preserve park resources.

Haslett Warehouse � Museum Lobby Concept

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The proposed conceptual adaptive use plan andstructural strengthening scheme for the HaslettWarehouse would comply with the Secretary ofthe Interior�s Standards for Rehabilitation ofHistoric Structures. In addition, use of the ware-house would provide the opportunity forenhanced display and preservation of many his-toric maritime artifacts, which would not bepossible at the Aquatic Park Bathhouse andHyde Street Pier. Spatial design concepts havebeen developed to evaluate possible approachestoward using the building. The creation of atri-um space is considered critical to the adaptiveuse of the building. The museum exhibit areaswould allow the visual character of the largeinterior spaces to be retained and would pro-vide multilevel space for display of large mar-itime artifacts. While the large atrium spacesrepresent a major alteration to the building, thesignificant features and characteristics of theoriginal structure would be preserved.

Seismic strengthening of the building would bedesigned to meet all applicable seismic and

life/safety codes to minimize loss of life andpotential damage to the historic structure andits contents. The structural strengtheningscheme would also be designed to be compati-ble with the character of the original building aswell as to preserve its significant features.

Haslett Warehouse � Maritime MuseumInterpretive Concepts. The following sectionsdescribe the functions and concepts for theinterpretive elements of an enhanced maritimemuseum within the Haslett Warehouse and pro-vide a framework for sequencing the visitorexperience.

Transition Zones � Upon entering the muse-um building visitors would encounter a mar-itime environment of an earlier time. Theseentry area displays, perhaps in the form of peri-od furnishings, would have interpretive value,but their primary purpose would be to create amood and generate a curiosity to explore fur-ther.

Haslett Warehouse � Streetscape Concept

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Information/Orientation � The transition dis-plays would lead to an area where visitors couldobtain information about touring the museumand other units of the park (i.e., the ships,library/ archives). Lobby space would allowgroups to assemble for special tours and otheractivities. Restrooms would be nearby, andaccess (including elevators for disabled accessi-bility) would be provided to the other floors.

Exhibits � Each of the primary interpretivethemes could be introduced in a core exhibitarea, which would give visitors an overall pic-ture of the park�s maritime theme and history.The core exhibits would focus on each major

theme but also show basic interrelationshipsbetween them. Visitors could then choose theelements of maritime history that most interest-ed them and go to the areas that explored thattheme in more detail.

Most of the exhibit space in the HaslettWarehouse would be devoted to presenting spe-cific elements of the interpretive themes. Eachtheme would be represented by permanent dis-plays, with some or all being supported by trav-eling or changeable exhibits that could beclosed off between shows.

Haslett Warehouse � Display Atrium Concept

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The exhibit areas would be dynamic, incorpo-rating multimedia and hands-on activities.

While the emphasis would be on displayingoriginal objects, the use of reproductions, forexample, would allow for hands-on activities. Italso would allow for the interpretation of topicsfor which few objects exist or which are notsuited for exhibit display medium.

Some objects in the park�s collection would rep-resent a combination of themes; therefore, cer-tain groups of objects would remain together asa collection, which would be displayed in desig-nated exhibit areas.

Theater � An important component of themaritime museum would be a theater showingfilms that center on significant aspects of SanFrancisco and Pacific Coast maritime history.The films could present historic events inchronological sequence or introduce conceptualtopics such as the worldwide significance ofmaritime activities with ties to San Francisco.

The theater could show other films and videosin the park�s collection and special audiovisualpresentations developed by the staff. Off-hourlectures, seminars, dramatic presentations, andother programs could also be offered in thespace.

The theater initially would provide seating forat least 100 people. With the potential forfuture expansion of the museum, the locationand design would allow for additional seating ata later time.

An urban entertainment center would be con-sidered, based on the San Antonio HistoricDistrict�s �Encountarium� (registered trade-mark of EDI, Inc.) theater for the Alamo. Thetheater is a unique storytelling vehicle in whichvisitors are immersed in a multimedia experi-ence that emphasizes education as well asentertainment. This concept could focus on alate 19th century San Francisco maritime storythat connects directly to the park�s primarythemes. The urban entertainment center couldbe provided by an outside entertainment ven-dor who would lease this space within the build-ing.

Multipurpose Room � A multipurpose spacein the Haslett could be used for educationalprograms. It could be a space where demon-strations and other personal services programswould be conducted. An indoor space for inter-pretive activities would offer a solution toscheduled programs during inclement weather.This room also would have audiovisual capabili-ties and be designed to accommodate a bus-load-size group.

Museum Support Area � This space wouldprovide for the completion and fabrication ofnew museum exhibits and for overall exhibitmaintenance. Primary exhibit design and con-struction would be maintained in the basementspace of the Aquatic Park Bathhouse, but finalfabrication and finish would be accomplished inthis area.

Aquatic Park/Victorian ParkDevelopment Concept Plan

The Aquatic Park Bathhouse (current maritimemuseum), a national historic landmark, wouldcontinue to be used as the park�s primary exhib-it facility until space is obtained in the HaslettWarehouse for relocation of the museum. Inthe interim, the bathhouse would continue tobe rehabilitated and maintained as necessary(e.g., window replacement, new roofing, acces-sibility improvements, etc.), and limited envi-ronmental controls and equipment would beinstalled to ensure that the park�s museum col-lections would be adequately housed and pro-tected.

The San Francisco Senior Center would beretained in its current locations in the east wingof the building and west basement areas. Thespeaker towers and restroom buildings associat-ed with the historic district would be preserved.The possibility of using the West Roundhousebuilding for its historic function as a snackstand concession/restroom or for some otherappropriate visitor-oriented commercial or con-cession use would be evaluated and implement-ed if feasible. The bleachers and underneathstorage rooms and workspace adjacent to thebuilding would be rehabilitated as necessary(see Aquatic Park DCP map).

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When the maritime museum is relocated to theHaslett Warehouse, the Aquatic ParkBathhouse would be adaptively used in a man-ner that would recognize and preserve thebuilding�s art and architecture. The buildingwould be made available to the public by allow-ing the main floor, veranda, west wing, and sec-ond floor to be used for receptions, meetings,conferences, and viewing by the general public.Such uses would be managed by the nonprofitNational Maritime Museum Association, withrental space revenues used for preservation ofthe building and other park cultural resourcesand interpretive programs. The Aquatic ParkBathhouse and Aquatic Park are listed on theNational Register of Historic Places and aredesignated as a national historic landmark. Allwork would be accomplished in accordancewith the National Historic Preservation Act of1966, as amended, associated regulations,National Park Service Management Policies, andNPS-28: Cultural Resource ManagementGuideline. The activities would also comply withThe Secretary of the Interior�s Standards forRehabilitation and Guidelines for RehabilitatingHistoric Buildings.

Recreational space and pedestrian access alongthe beach, waterfront promenade, bleachers,and open lawn areas would be maintained andenhanced through landscaping, benches, signs,banners, and other design features that wouldcomplement the streamline modern style ofAquatic Park or the 19th century design themeof Victorian Park. Recreational activities in thelagoon such as swimming, rowing, and tempo-rary mooring of sailboats would continue. Thetwo bocce ball courts by the bathhouse wouldbe maintained, and a nautical-theme children�splay area would be added adjacent to thecourts.

Victorian Park is an important visual compo-nent of the park. The openness of the park,urban connection, and its Victorian atmospherewould be preserved. The maritime bookstoreon Hyde Street would be relocated to thesouthwest corner of Hyde and Jefferson Streetsin Victorian Park, as part of a small publicplaza intended to integrate Victorian Park withHyde Street Pier and the Haslett Warehouse.The connection between Hyde Street Pier,Aquatic Park Bathhouse, and Victorian Parkwould be strengthened by providing interpretive

media and landscape elements such as benches,lighting, and banners to increase pedestrianactivity between these areas.The Sea Scout base would be rehabilitated forcontinued use by the San Francisco Sea Scouts.In cooperation with the San Francisco SeaScouts, the park would explore options to pro-vide sail training at the Sea Scout base. Anappropriate agreement would be establishedwith the Sea Scouts for operation and use ofthe facility.

Although the municipal pier is under the juris-diction of Golden Gate National RecreationArea, the pier is an important visual and physi-cal element of the park. It provides criticalbreakwater protection to the historic ships;visually defines the northwest limits of the park;provides visitors with views of the ships andwaterfront; and is an integral part of theAquatic Park National Historic District. SanFrancisco Maritime National Historical Parkwould work cooperatively with GoldenGate NationalRecreation Areato ensure itspreservation.

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BOUNDARY ADJUSTMENTS/PROPERTY ACQUISITION

The park�s enabling legislation allows for thesecretary of the interior to adjust the park�sboundaries to include the Haslett Warehouse, ifits use would promote the purposes of the park.Consequently, the Park Service recommendsthat the secretary adjust the park boundary toinclude the Haslett Warehouse.

The Park Service would also negotiate a long-term lease with the Port of San Francisco foruse of the Hyde Street Pier, or if possible,acquisition of the pier would be sought throughdonation directly from the Port or throughacquisition and subsequent donation to thepark by a third party such as the NationalMaritime Museum Association. Acquisition ofthe pier would also require state legislativeaction. The Park Service would continue tomaintain the pier.

PHASING AND CONSTRUCTIONCOST ESTIMATES

Implementation would require logical phasingfor the many improvements and resourcepreservation actions called for in the GeneralManagement Plan. In some cases, relocation ofexisting functions or facilities must occur beforeimprovements can begin. For these reasons, asequences implementation plan would berequired to identify the detailed phasing ofactions and costs that could not be addressed inthe GMP. The general timing of implementa-tion is shown in table 2.

The one-time development costs would be$62,042,000 (includes $18,595,000 for HaslettWarehouse building shell rehabilitation to befunded by private sources). The yearly operat-ing costs would be $6,939,000. See Table 2 for adevelopment breakdown of costs.

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TABLE 2: COST ESTIMATE

Short-Term Long-Term Total (1)Facility Area/Item Phase Phase Project Costs Funding Source

AQUATIC PARK

Bathhouse rehabilitation (2) X $3,938,000 Congress

Bathhouse driveways/bleachersreconstruction (2) X $3,120,000 Congress

Sea Scout base rehabilitation (2) X 358,000 Congress/Private

Seawall rehabilitation (2) X 1,483,000 Congress

West Roundhouse restroom/snackbar;East restroom rehabilitation (2) X 184,000 Congress/Private

Nautical play area X X 125,000 Private

Site/landscape preservation improvements X X 172,000 Congress

VICTORIAN PARK (Aquatic Park area)

Public plaza/cable car stairway improvements X $597,000 Congress

Maritime bookstore relocation X 38,000 Congress

Site/landscape improvements X X 26,000 Congress

SUBTOTAL BY PHASE $9,036,000 $1,005,000 $10,041,000

HYDE STREET PIER

Forepier, entry, Hyde & Jefferson Streetsimprovements X $2,920,000 Congress

Main pier deck expansion & improvements X 593,000 Congress

Small craft shop, restrooms, Tubbs bldg.,& Fisheries building renovation/repair X 687,000 Congress/Private

Pier infrastructure upgrades/repair X 1,279,000 Congress

SUBTOTAL BY PHASE $4,886,000 $593,000 $5,479,000

LANDMARK BUILDING E (Fort Mason)

Expansion & space rehabilitationimprovements (all floors) X $3,506,000 Congress/Private

HVAC / equipment upgrades X 390,000 Congress

Relocate collection management, historicdocuments, & library materials X 64,000 Congress

SUBTOTAL BY PHASE $64,000 $3,896,000 $3,960,000

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TABLE 2: COST ESTIMATE (continued)

Short-Term Long-Term Total (1)Facility Area/Item Phase Phase Project Costs Funding Source

HASLETT WAREHOUSE

Building shell rehabilitation (2) X $18,595,000 Private

NPS fixtures, furnishings, & equipemtn X X $234,000 Congress

Maritime museum exhibit construction& environmental control systems X X 7,581,000 Congress/Private

Artifacts relocation 7 preparation X 125,000 Congress/Private

Relocate artifact storate, small watercraft,and marine equipment from warehouse X 35,000 Congress

SUBTOTAL BY PHASE $22,662,000 $3,908,000 $26,570,000

HISTORIC VESSELS

Rehabilitate, restore, repair, & stabilizevessels per alternatives and preservationplans (2) X $15,200,000 Congress/Private

STORAGE FACILITY IMPROVEMENTS

Improve and prepare offsite storage facilitiesfor collections, materials, and equipmentstorage X $365,000 Congress

Provide appropriate environmental controlsfor offsite storage facilities X 215,000 Congress

SUBTOTAL BY PHASE $580,000 $580,000

PARKWIDE DEMOLITION /SITE PREPARATION

Pavement removal, site grading, utilityconnections, and upgrades X X $212,000 Congress

TOTAL COST BY PHASE $51,954,000 $10,088,000 $62,042,000

1. The above estimates are based on fiscal year 1996 construction dollars. For future construction years, the estimates should beincreased by 4% per year for inflationary factors.

2. Costs represent rehabilitation, restoration, and repair of cultural resources as part of overall resource preservation acti ons.

3. Haslett Warehouse building shell rehabilitation costs to be funded through private partnership. In addition, elements of the twomajor phases shown above could also be divided into smaller subphases upon completion of more detailed scheduling and costestimating.

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As the nation's principal conservation agency, the Department of the Interior has responsibility for most of ournationally owned public lands and natural resources. This includes fostering sound use of our land and waterresources; protecting our fish, wildlife, and biological diversity; preserving the environmental and cultural values ofour national parks and historical places; and providing for the enjoyment of life through outdoor recreation. Thedepartment assesses our energy and mineral resources and works to ensure that their development is in the bestinterests of all our people by encouraging stewardship and citizen participation in their care. The department alsohas a major responsibility for American Indian reservation communities and for people who live in island territoriesunder U.S. administration.

NPS D-7B / September 1997

DEPARTMENTOF THE INTERIOR

NATIONALPARK

SERVICE