German Criminal Code

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German Criminal Code

Text of German Criminal Code

  • 9/12/2015 GERMANCRIMINALCODE

    http://www.gesetzeiminternet.de/englisch_stgb/englisch_stgb.html 1/161

    bersetzungdesStrafgesetzbuchesdurchProf.Dr.MichaelBohlander

    TranslationoftheGermanCriminalCodeprovidedbyProf.Dr.MichaelBohlander

    Stand:Diebersetzungbercksichtigtdienderung(en)desGesetzesdurchArtikel6Abs.18desGesetzesvom10.10.2013(BGBl.IS.3799)

    Versioninformation:Thetranslationincludestheamendment(s)totheActbyArticle6(18)oftheLawof10.10.2013(FederalLawGazetteIp3799).

    2015jurisGmbH,Saarbrcken

    GERMANCRIMINALCODE

    Fullcitation:CriminalCodeintheversionpromulgatedon13November1998,FederalLawGazette[Bundesgesetzblatt]Ip.3322,lastamendedbyArticle1oftheLawof24September2013,FederalLawGazetteIp.3671andwiththetextofArticle6(18)oftheLawof10October2013,FederalLawGazetteIp3799.

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    GENERALPART

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    CHAPTERONETHECRIMINALLAW

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    FIRSTTITLEAPPLICATION,JURISDICTIONRATIONELOCIETTEMPORIS

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    Section1Nopunishmentwithoutlaw

    Anactmayonlybepunishedifcriminalliabilityhadbeenestablishedbylawbeforetheactwascommitted.

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    Section2Jurisdictionrationetemporislexmitior

    (1)Thepenaltyandanyancillarymeasuresshallbedeterminedbythelawwhichisinforceatthetimeoftheact.

    (2)Ifthepenaltyisamendedduringthecommissionoftheact,thelawinforceatthetimetheactiscompletedshallbeapplied.

    (3)Ifthelawinforceatthetimeofthecompletionoftheactisamendedbeforejudgment,themostlenientlawshallbeapplied.

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    (4)Alawintendedtobeinforceonlyforadeterminatetimeshallbecontinuedtobeappliedtoactscommittedwhileitwasinforceevenafteritceasestobeinforce,unlessotherwiseprovidedbylaw.

    (5)Subsections(1)to(4)shallapplymutatismutandistoconfiscation,deprivationanddestruction.

    (6)Unlessotherwiseprovidedbylaw,measuresofrehabilitationandincapacitationshallbedeterminedaccordingtothelawinforceatthetimeofthedecision.

    Footnote:

    S.2(6)incompatiblewiththeBasicLaw(Article100(1))accordingtotheoperatingpartofthedecisionoftheFederalConstitutionalCourtof4May2011,FederalLawGazetteIp.1003(2BvR2365/09etal.).

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    Section3OffencescommittedontheterritoryoftheFederalRepublicofGermany

    GermancriminallawshallapplytoactscommittedonGermanterritory.

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    Section4OffencescommittedonGermanshipsandaircraft

    Germancriminallawshallapply,regardlessofthelawapplicableinthelocalitywheretheactwascommitted,toactscommittedonashiporanaircraftentitledtoflythefederalflagorthenationalinsigniaoftheFederalRepublicofGermany.

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    Section5Offencescommittedabroadagainstdomesticlegalinterests

    Germancriminallawshallapply,regardlessofthelawapplicableinthelocalitywheretheactwascommitted,tothefollowingactscommittedabroad:

    1.preparationofawarofaggression(section80)

    2.hightreasonagainsttheFederation(Sections81to83)

    3.endangeringthedemocraticstateundertheruleoflaw

    (a)incasesundersection89andsection90a(1),andsection90b,iftheoffenderisGermanandhashismainlivelihoodintheterritoryoftheFederalRepublicofGermanyand

    (b)incasesundersection90andsection90a(2)

    4.treasonandendangeringexternalnationalsecurity(Sections94to100a)

    5.offencesagainstthenationaldefence:

    (a)incasesundersection109andsections109eto109gand

    (b)incasesundersection109a,section109dandsection109h,iftheoffenderisGermanandhashismainlivelihoodintheterritoryoftheFederalRepublicofGermany

    6.Causingthedangerofpoliticalpersecution(section234a,section241a)iftheactisdirectedagainstaGermanwhohashisdomicileorusualresidenceinGermany

    6a.abductionofminorsincasesundersection235(2)No2,iftheactisdirectedagainstapersonwhohashisdomicileorusualresidenceinGermany

    7.violationofbusinessortradesecretsofabusinessphysicallylocatedwithintheterritoryoftheFederalRepublic

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    ofGermany,orofanenterprise,whichhasitsseatthere,orofanenterprisewithitsseatabroadandwhichisdependentonanenterprisewithitsseatwithintheterritoryoftheFederalRepublicofGermanyandwhichformsagroupwiththelatter

    8.offencesagainstsexualselfdetermination:

    (a)incasesundersection174(1)and(3),iftheoffenderandthevictimareGermanatthetimeoftheoffenceandhavetheirmainlivelihoodinGermanyand

    (b)incasesundersections176to176bandsection182,iftheoffenderisGerman

    9.abortion(section218),iftheoffenderatthetimeoftheoffenceisGermanandhashismainlivelihoodintheterritoryoftheFederalRepublicofGermany

    10.falsetestimony,perjuryandfalseswornaffidavits(Sections153to156)inproceedingspendingbeforeacourtoranotherGermanauthoritywithintheterritoryoftheFederalRepublicofGermanythathastheauthoritytoadministeroathsoraffirmationsinlieuofoath

    11.offencesagainsttheenvironmentundersection324,section326,section330andsection330acommittedwithinGermanysexclusiveeconomiczone,totheextentthatinternationalconventionsontheprotectionoftheseaallowfortheirprosecutionascriminaloffences

    11a.offencesundersection328(2)Nos3and4,(4)and(5),alsoinconjunctionwithsection330,iftheoffenderisGermanatthetimeoftheoffence

    12.offencescommittedbyaGermanpublicofficialorapersonentrustedwithspecialpublicservicefunctionsduringtheirofficialstayorinconnectionwiththeirofficialduties

    13.actscommittedbyaforeignerasapublicofficialorasapersonentrustedwithspecialpublicservicefunctions

    14.actscommittedagainstpublicofficials,personsentrustedwithspecialpublicservicefunctions,orsoldiersintheArmedForcesduringthedischargeoftheirdutiesorinconnectionwiththeirduties

    14a.bribingdelegates(section108e)iftheoffenderisGermanatthetimeoftheoffenceortheoffencewascommittedvisvisaGerman

    15.traffickinginhumanorgans(section18oftheTransplantationAct),iftheoffenderisGermanatthetimeoftheoffence.

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    Section6Offencescommittedabroadagainstinternationallyprotectedlegalinterests

    Germancriminallawshallfurtherapply,regardlessofthelawofthelocalitywheretheyarecommitted,tothefollowingoffencescommittedabroad:

    1.(repealed)

    2.offencesinvolvingnuclearenergy,explosivesandradiationundersection307andsection308(1)to(4),section309(2)andsection310

    3.attacksonairandmaritimetraffic(section316c)

    4.humantraffickingforthepurposeofsexualexploitation,forthepurposeofworkexploitationandassistinghumantrafficking(Sections232to233a)

    5.unlawfuldrugdealing

    6.distributionofpornographyundersections184a,184b(1)to(3)andsection184c(1)to(3),alsoinconjunctionwithsection184d,1stsentence

    7.counterfeitingmoneyandsecurities(section146,section151andsection152),creditcardsetcandblank

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    eurochequeforms(section152b(1)to(4))aswellastherelevantpreparatoryacts(Sections149,151,152and152b(5))

    8.subsidyfraud(section264)

    9.offenceswhichonthebasisofaninternationalagreementbindingontheFederalRepublicofGermanymustbeprosecutedeventhoughcommittedabroad.

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    Section7Offencescommittedabroadothercases

    (1)GermancriminallawshallapplytooffencescommittedabroadagainstaGerman,iftheactisacriminaloffenceatthelocalityofitscommissionorifthatlocalityisnotsubjecttoanycriminaljurisdiction.

    (2)Germancriminallawshallapplytootheroffencescommittedabroadiftheactisacriminaloffenceatthelocalityofitscommissionorifthatlocalityisnotsubjecttoanycriminallawjurisdiction,andiftheoffender:

    1.wasGermanatthetimeoftheoffenceorbecameGermanafterthecommissionor

    2.wasaforeigneratthetimeoftheoffence,isdiscoveredinGermanyand,althoughtheExtraditionActwouldpermitextraditionforsuchanoffence,isnotextraditedbecausearequestforextraditionwithinareasonableperiodoftimeisnotmade,isrejected,ortheextraditionisnotfeasible.

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    Section8Timeoftheoffence

    Anoffenceisdeemedtohavebeencommittedatthetimewhentheprincipalorthesecondaryparticipantsacted,or,inthecaseofanomission,shouldhaveacted.Thetimewhentheresultoccursisirrelevant.

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    Section9Placeoftheoffence

    (1)Anoffenceisdeemedtohavebeencommittedineveryplacewheretheoffenderactedor,inthecaseofanomission,shouldhaveacted,orinwhichtheresultifitisanelementoftheoffenceoccursorshouldhaveoccurredaccordingtotheintentionoftheoffender.

    (2)Actsofsecondaryparticipationarecommittednotonlyintheplacewheretheoffencewascommitted,butalsoineveryplacewherethesecondaryparticipantactedor,inthecaseofanomission,shouldhaveactedorwhere,accordingtohisintention,theoffenceshouldhavebeencommitted.IfthesecondaryparticipanttoanoffencecommittedabroadactedwithintheterritoryoftheFederalRepublicofGermany,Germancriminallawshallapplytothesecondaryparticipationeventhoughtheactisnotacriminaloffenceaccordingtothelawofthelocalityofitscommission.

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    Section10Specialprovisionsforjuvenilesandyoungadults

    ThislawshallapplytooffencescommittedbyjuvenilesandyoungadultsunlesstheJuvenileCourtsActprovidesotherwise.

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    SECONDTITLETERMINOLOGY

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    Section11Definitions

    (1)Forthepurposesofthislaw

    1.relativemeansanymemberofthefollowingcategoryofpersons:

    (a)relationsbybloodormarriageindirectline,thespouse,thesamesexpartner,thefianc(e)alsowithinthemeaningoftheSameSexPartnershipAct,siblings,thespousesorsamesexpartnersofsiblings,siblingsofspousesorsamesexpartners,evenifthemarriageorsamesexpartnershipuponwhichtherelationshipwasbasednolongerexists,orwhentherelationshipbybloodormarriagehasceasedtoexist

    (b)fosterparentsandfosterchildren

    2.publicofficialmeansanyofthefol